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Miryam Bella

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Orice postat de Miryam Bella

  1. Turkey’s state-run aid agency has renovated an Ottoman era mosque in South Africa. The Nur el-Hamidia Mosque was built 135 years ago with the support of Ottoman Sultan Abdulhamid II in Cape Town, the Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency (TIKA) said in a statement on Thursday. It said the mosque's historical features show an engagement between the two countries. The mosque was renovated using calligraphy, gold leaves, decorative motifs, and embroidery, the statement added. Abdurrauf Boux, the mosque’s manager, said TIKA has carried out many projects in Cape Town and lauded the meticulous restoration of the historic mosque.
  2. Health officials in war-battered Syria have announced the first case of COVID-19, the disease caused by the new coronavirus, as authorities in the country prepare to halt all public transportation in a bid to curb the spread of the virus. Health Minister Nizar Yazji told a news conference in the capital Damascus on Sunday that “necessary measures” had been taken to ensure that the patient, a 20-year-old woman who had come from abroad, was quarantined for 14 days.
  3. Saudi Grand Mufti has announced a heart breaking news that Eid 2020 prayers suspended and urges people to pray Eid salah at their homes along with Taraweeh. Sheikh Abdulaziz al-Sheikh, Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia, who is the highest religious authority in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, has said that Taraweeh and Iftar service will remain suspended during Ramadan 2020. As well as, Eid 2020 prayers will be suspended as well and people should pray Taraweeh and Eid salah at their homes.
  4. The Kingdom of Saudia permitted a controversial photoshoot concerning international models to take place in the Madina province. “24 hours in Al Ula” photoshoot program displayed models wearing skinned clothing along with thigh slits. The country recently pushed a dispute by allowing such inappropriate photoshoot within the territory of the Holy city of Madina. The point to note here is that this act goes against Islam and is immoral. Besides, the main idea of the shoot and the outfits utilized are considered as immodest by the Muslims. Also, the same models walked at the UNESCO World Heritage area. It is known as the world’s biggest open area museum. It involves the art of carved rock pieces same as the Jordan’s Petra. Despite the fact that the premise is located about 300 kilometers far from Madina, it is still present within that similar province. A lot of Muslims claim it as immoral and are also angry because of the permission given by the Saudi authorities. As per the information. This controversial photoshoot appears as the progression part concerning reforms. The nation is following it to broaden its economy to attract modernization and international tourists 24 hours in Al Ula is the part of vision of Saudi Arabia for 2030 This reform which the kingdom is following comprises modernization. They will further reduce the power of the religious police along with lifting the restrictions of gender mixing. Furthermore, the necessity for women to follow a loose gown or abaya would be diminished. The Arab edition of Vogue i.e. Vogue Arabia follows a US-based magazine. It recently got permitted to execute a raunchy photoshoot for the international models. It involved Mariacarla Boscono, Kate Moss, Jourdan Dunn, Xiao Wen, Amber Valletta, Alek Wek, and Candice Swanepoel.
  5. Back in 1743, Zahir-al-Umar al-Zaydani, the Palestine’s Ottoman-era ruler of Palestine, constructed a mosque on his name within Tiberias’s northern city. For instance, the Al-Ahmer mosque, which is located in the northern area of Safed, was transformed into a concert hall. Besides, Caesarea city’s Al-Jadid mosque was also converted into a bar as per the research. The upper part of Al-Siksik mosque within Jaffa and the Ayn Hawd mosque in Haifa went through a similar case.
  6. Miryam Bella

    Why Do You Read the Quran?

    To attain a faithful relation with the Quran, you need to read it with no purpose other than to receive guidance from your Lord, to come nearer to Him, and to seek His good pleasure. What you get from the Quran depends on what you come to it for. Your niyyah (intention and purpose) is crucial. Certainly the Quran has come to guide you, but you may also go astray by reading it should you approach it for impure purposes and wrong motives
  7. Miryam Bella

    The Word of Allah

    The Quran is the word of Allah. Therefore, it requires as much exclusiveness of intention and purity of purpose as does worshiping and serving Him. Do not read it merely for intellectual pursuit and pleasure; even though you must apply your intellect to the full to the task of understanding the Quran. So many people spend a lifetime in studying the language, style, history, geography, law and ethics of the Quran, and yet their lives remain untouched by its message. The Quran frequently refers to people who have knowledge but do not derive benefit from it.
  8. Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu recently visited India, where he was seen having a “GOOD TIME” with some of the Bollywood stars. Three famous Bollywood actors made Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions (BDS) movement under which they refused to meet Israeli PM, Benjamin Netanyahu. India held a Gala in the honor of Israeli PM Benjamin in which a number of famous actors of Bollywood have appeared and had fun with Benjamin Netanyahu. While there were the three big names in tBollywoodood who refused to attend that event, those actors were; Salman Khan Amir Khan Shahrukh Khan Explaining why they did not attend the event, these actors said that we did not attend the event because of the persecution of Muslim in Israel. Furthermore, they tweeted about this through their Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions (BDS) movement twitter post. We have seen that India had refused to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, while on the other hand Narendra Modi has been seen having fun with Benjamin as well as the Bollywood stars. Only three, Salman Khan, Shah Rukh Khan and Aamir Khan were not present because they want to protest against the killing of innocent Muslims in Gaza by Israeli forces.
  9. Miryam Bella

    Hagia Sophia

    Situated in the heart of Istanbul, Hagia Sophia (Turkish: Aya Sofya), meaning ‘Divine Wisdom’, was originally built as an Eastern Orthodox cathedral. It was later converted into a mosque when the city was conquered by Sultan Mehmed II in 1453 CE. It remained a mosque until 1931 when it was turned into a museum. In July 2020 Hagia Sophia changed back into a mosque. History of Hagia Sophia For almost a thousand years, Hagia Sophia (Turkish: Aya Sofya), was the largest enclosed space in the world and regarded as an engineering marvel. It was designed to impress the strength and wealth of the Byzantine emperors upon their own subjects and visiting foreign dignitaries alike. Hagia Sophia is the third church of this name to stand on the site. The first, a wooden basilica built in 360 CE, was totally destroyed during a riot. The second, a grand marble structure of which some fragments remain, was erected under Theodosius II in 415 CE. Like it’s predecessor, this too was razed to the ground, in the Nika Revolt of 532 CE. The magnificent building seen today was commissioned in the sixth century by Emperor Justinian. He was determined his creation would exceed in size and splendour the ‘Temple of Solomon’ in Jerusalem. Work started in 532 CE and the building was inaugurated in 537 CE. The building was therefore present during the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ). In 558 CE, part of the great dome collapsed in an earthquake. During reconstruction the height of the external buttresses at the door was increased, and some of the windows blocked, resulting in an interior much gloomier than originally intended. The dome collapsed again in 989 CE and was rebuilt by an Armenian architect. The worst desecration, however, was in 1204 CE, when it was ransacked by Catholic soldiers during the Fourth Crusade. Mules were brought in to help carry off silver and gilt carving and a prostitute was seated on the throne of the patriarch. In 1452 CE, the Byzantine Church reluctantly accepted union with the Catholics in the hope that Western powers would come to the aid of Constantinople against the Turks. In 1453 CE, those who said that they would rather see ‘the turban of the Turk than the hat of a cardinal in the streets of Constantinople’ got their way when the city was captured. Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror (Muhammad al-Fatih) rode to the church of Aya Sofya and stopped his troops looting the holy buildings. He then had it cleared of relics and said his first prayer on the following Friday. The former bastion of the Byzantine Christian Empire was now a mosque. In 1935, the building was transformed into a museum by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey. The prayer carpets were removed and the white plaster covering Christian era mosaics were cleared. Use of the complex as a place of worship (either by Muslims or Christians) became prohibited. However, since 2006 the Turkish government has allowed the use of a small room within the complex as a place for prayer for Muslim and Christian museum staff. In July 2016, the adhan (call of prayer) was broadcast from its minarets during Ramadhan, the first time the adhan was called in 85 years.
  10. Miryam Bella

    Allah’s Direct Address

    Say to yourself: Allah addresses me directly, through His Messenger, when I read the Quran. No doubt the Quran was sent down at a specific point in history, and you have received it indirectly through persons, time and space. But the Quran is the word of the Ever-living Allah, it is eternally valid and it addresses every person. So let all these intermediaries recede for a while and allow yourself to read the Quran as if it is talking directly to you, as an individual and as a member of a collectivity, in your time. The very thought of such direct reception will keep your heart seized by what you are reading.
  11. A leading international Islamic charity has pledged $5 million to help Lebanon in reaction to a devastating explosion that hit Beirut last week. Islamic Relief said its emergency funding would help people in Lebanon recover and support those affected. The 4th of August explosion in Beirut port killed at least 157 people and injured about 5,000 more. Food insecurity is likely to intensify in the coming weeks,” said Nidal Ali, Islamic Relief’s Lebanon Country Director, Charity Today reported. The funds pledged by the global Islamic Relief family will fund several projects, including providing 7,500 people with food parcels for the next two months. They will also use it to deliver non-food items such as lamps, fans, hygiene kits, tarpaulins and blankets for 10,000 people. “Our main goal right now is to provide food and water to those who need it urgently. We started distributing ready-to-eat meals, essential non-food items, hygiene kits and health assistance,” Ali said. “Our team was on the ground yesterday clearing the roads with volunteer groups and other aid organizations, as well as many ordinary residents just doing what they can.”
  12. Miryam Bella

    Context istoric

    În anul 610 d.H., un comerciant arab de vârstă mijlocie, pe nume Mahomed, a urcat pe dealurile din jurul orașului său natal Mecca pentru a reflecta și a se ruga în legătură cu confuzia religioasă ce-l înconjura. Mai târziu, el a spus că a primit o viziune în care a fost chemat să fie profet pentru poporul său. Acest eveniment marchează începutul religiei cunoscute sub numele de islam (iss-LAAM), un cuvânt care înseamnă „supunere” (față de Dumnezeu). Un credincios în islam este numit musulman (MUSS-lim), adică „supus”. Ulterior, Mahomed a spus că a primit multe revelații până la moartea sa, care a avut loc aproape 25 de ani mai târziu. El le-a propovăduit mai întâi locuitorilor din orașul său natal, avertizând asupra judecăților divine care vor veni; chemându-și auditoriul la pocăință și la tratarea în mod corespunzător a văduvelor, a orfanilor și a celor săraci și predicând învierea universală a morților și judecata supremă a lui Dumnezeu. Cu toate acestea, ridiculizarea și persecuția la care au fost supuși el și cei care îl urmau au devenit atât de intense, încât au fost obligați să fugă în orașul Medina, la aproximativ patru zile de călătorie călare pe cămilă, spre nord. Acolo, rolul lui Mahomed s-a schimbat dramatic.1 Din a fi doar predicator și om care avertizează, el a devenit legiuitorul, judecătorul și conducătorul politic al unui important oraș arab și, în timp, al Peninsulei Arabe. Această înființare timpurie a unei comunități de credincioși a dat islamului o identitate religioasă înrădăcinată în lege și justiție, care rămâne printre caracteristicile sale cele mai remarcabile și importante. După moartea lui Mahomed, în anul 632 d.H., cei care-i urmau învățăturile s-au separat în două grupuri principale, inițial, din cauza întrebării legate de cine trebuia să-i succeadă la conducerea comunității islamice. Cel mai mare grup dintre acestea a ajuns să fie numit Sunnit (afirmă că urmează sunna sau practica obișnuită a lui Mahomed și este relativ flexibil în ceea ce privește succesiunea). Celălalt s-a dezvoltat în jurul ginerelui lui Mahomed, Ali, și este numit shi‘at ‘Ali (fracțiunea lui Ali) și, acum, este cunoscut, în general, ca Shi‘a. Spre deosebire de sunniți, membrii grupului Shi‘a (cunoscuți sub denumirea de șiiți sau de musulmani shi‘i) consideră că dreptul de a-i succeda lui Mahomed în rolul de conducător al comunității aparține în mod corespunzător celei mai apropiate rude de sex masculin a profetului Mahomed, lui Ali și moștenitorilor săi. În pofida unor astfel de contradicții, religia islamică a fost mai unită, vorbind din punct de vedere religios, decât creștinătatea. Mai mult, timp de câteva secole după anul 800 d.H., civilizația islamică a fost, probabil, cea mai avansată din lume în ceea ce privește știința, medicina, matematica și filozofia.
  13. This minaret, which is on the left side of theUmayyad Mosque is also known as the Jesus minaret. It is from here that Prophet Isa (عليه السلام) will descend back to earth towards the end of time. Muslims believe that Isa (عليه السلام) did not die on the cross but Allah (ﷻ) raised him to heaven and he will return one day to defeat the Dajjal (Anti-Christ). According to a Hadith, he is on the second heaven. The Prophet (ﷺ) mentioned, “During the Me’raj (Ascension), I met Isa (عليه السلام) on the second heaven. I found him of medium stature, reddish white. His body was so clean and clear, that it appeared as though he had just performed ghusal (ablution, cleansing of the entire body) and come.” In another Hadith, the Prophet (ﷺ) mentioned, “Allah will send Maseeh ibne Maryam (Messiah son of Mary). Thus he will descend near the white eastern minaret of Damascus, clad in two yellow sheets, leaning on the shoulders of two angels.” [Sahih Muslim] The physical features of Isa (عليه السلام): He will resemble the famous sahabi Urwa bin Masoodi (رضي الله عنه). He will be of average height and red and white in colour. His hair will be spread to the shoulders, straight, neat and shining as after a bath. On bending his head, it will seem as if pearls are falling. He will have armour on his body. He will be wearing two pieces of cloth light yellow in colour. He will descend on a Jamaat (group) that will be righteous at the time and comprising of 800 men and 400 women. The people will be preparing for war at the time against Dajjal. It will be time for Fajr prayers, and Imam Mahdi will be the Amir (leader) of the Muslims. From the darkness of the dawn, a sound will suddenly be heard that “one who listens to your pleas has come” – the righteous people will look everywhere and their eyes will fall on Isa (عليه السلام). Briefly, at the time of Fajr, Isa (عليه السلام) will descend. When descending, Isa (عليه السلام)’s hands will be on the shoulders of two angels (according to another source (Ka’b Abrar), a cloud will carry him). On their insistence Isa (عليه السلام) will introduce himself. He will inquire about their enthusiasm and thoughts on Jihad against Dajjal. Isa (عليه السلام) will descend on the eastern side near the minaret in Damascus (or in Baitul-Muqaddus according to another narration). At the time Imam Mahdi will have proceeded forward to lead the Fajr Salaat. The Iqamat of the Salaat will already have been recited and Imam Mahdi will call Isa (عليه السلام) for Imamat (to lead the prayer), but he (Isa (عليه السلام)) will instead tell Imam Mahdi to lead the prayer since the Iqamat of that Salaat has already been said for him. Thus Imam Mahdi will lead the prayer, and Isa (عليه السلام) will follow him. After the ruku, he will make this statement: “Allah has killed Dajjal and the Muslims have appeared.” Isa (عليه السلام) will subsequently kill Dajjal and a great era of peace and harmony will come to the world. Isa (عليه السلام) will marry and have children and will live for 19 years after his marriage. He will then pass away and be buried next to the Prophet (ﷺ) in Majid-e-Nabwi, Madinah.
  14. The Blue Mosque or the Sultan Ahmet Mosque is considered by many to be the greatest feat of Ottoman architecture. In what proved to be a vital departure from the past, the Mosque was built in the aftermath of Ottoman failures in wars against the Persians and the Austrians. Construction started in 1609 CE and finished in 1617 CE. It is popularly referred to as the ‘Blue Mosque’ – this is due to the more than 20,000 handmade ceramic tiles with over 50 separate designs with marvellous green, turquoise and blue hues. The motifs of many tiles include fruits, roses and trees – perhaps in an attempt to evoke images of a plentiful paradise. Mehrab and mimbar of the Blue Mosque The chief architect was Sedefekar Mehmet Agha who aimed for tremendous size, splendour and magnificence as an ode to his master Mimar Sinan, the greatest Ottoman architect. To highlight the civilisational continuity in Istanbul, some of the Mosque is built over what would have been the Byzantine Great Palace. Some parts of the Hippodrome also had to be removed. It was likely built opposite the Hagia Sophiaon purpose – as a way to emphasise the supremacy of Islamic civilisation over Christendom. The Mosque was built with six minarets – this apparently caused some controversy since the Mosque of Makkah also had the same amount so Sultan Ahmet I (who it is named after) decided to build an extra one there. An iron chain hangs in the court entrance on the western side. Since only the Sultan was allowed to ride in on horseback and he would have to lower his head to not get hit, it was a symbolic gesture ensuring the humility of the ruler before Allah. Despite the grandeur of the Mosque, its construction was a bad omen for the Ottoman Empire. Traditionally, massive architectural projects would only be commissioned in the aftermath of successful wars. But the Blue Mosque was the first major building project funded by the state treasury and not war booty. Many historians see this as a sign of the Ottoman Empire entering a period of stagnation that was characterised by complacency.
  15. Miryam Bella

    Exterior of Hagia Sophia

    Emperor Justinian appointed the architects Anthemius of Tralles and Isidore of Miletus realise his dream, to create a building of a type and scale unknown in the Byzantine world. The vast thirty-one-metre-diameter dome, which seems to hover over a seemingly empty space rather than being supported by solid walls, was unprecedented. Numerous marble pieces and columns of different shapes and sizes dating back to more ancient times were brought in from ruins all around the empire and used in the building. There are many stories about the origin of these materials, especially the columns, but none of these can be taken seriously. Despite its uniqueness and magnificence, the building had many structural problems and parts of it would collapse. This necessitated expensive repairs which meant over time maintenance work would not be done resulting in a dilapidated state. Extensive strengthening work was carried out in the 16th century under the Turks by the famous Ottoman architect Mimar Sinan. He also erected two large minarets at the western side of the building to supplement two other minarets that had been built under the rule of Bayezid II. A golden crescent was mounted on top of the dome. Hagia Sophia ablution fountain More restoration work was carried out in 1739 CE under Sultan Murad I. In addition, a madressa (Quran school), soup kitchen, library and ablution fountain were added to the complex.
  16. Miryam Bella

    Interior of Hagia Sophia

    Over the centuries, the Hagia Sophia was decorated with mosaics depicting Jesus, the Virgin Mary, saints and emperors or empresses. During the Fourth Crusade in 1204 CE, many of these mosaics were removed and shipped to Venice. After the Ottoman occupation, remaining mosaics were whitewashed or plastered, as the church was transformed into a mosque. Extensive restorations were carried out on the mosaics in the mid-nineteenth century by the Swiss Fossati brothers, but due to Muslim sensitivities the mosaics were later covered over again. Some of the mosaics have been recovered and restored since the building was turned into a museum. Interior of the Hagia Sophia The church apse was made into a mihrab (prayer niche facing Makkah) as part of its conversion into a mosque by the Ottoman Turks. Sulayman the Magnificent installed large candlesticks on either side of the mihrab which were brought from his conquest of Hungary. Mihrab and mimbar of Hagia Sophia The giant, circular calligraphy discs seen above were installed as part of the restoration work carried out by the Fossati brothers in the mid-nineteenth century. Inscribed on them are the names of Allah, Muhammad (ﷺ), the first four caliphs Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali, and the two grandchildren of the Prophet, Hassan and Hussain (رضي الله عنهم). Over the past few years there have been several campaigns calling for the Hagia Sophia to be converted back to a mosque. Turkish president, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, recited the Quran in the Hagia Sophia in 2018. He dedicated the prayer to the “souls of all who left us this work as inheritance, especially Istanbul’s conqueror“.
  17. Following the horrific explosion in the port of Beirut, American Muslim scholars have shared messages of solidarity with the people of Lebanon. “May Allah protect the people of Beirut…May Allah forgive those who have died and grant patience to their families,” Sheikh Yasir Qadhi wrote on Facebook. “I pray that this is not a terrorist attack. A tragedy of this nature is bad enough if it’s an accident. If it was intentional, may those who perpetrated it face the Justice that only Allah can give them on Judgment Day.” The blast, which flattened much of the city’s port, is said to have been caused by seized explosives that were stored in a warehouse at the port. It resulted in injuring over 4,000 people and the death toll is above 75. Imam Omar Suleiman and Sheikh Yusuf Estes also shared prayers with the victims.
  18. Misala Pramenković made history Monday, August 3, for being the first hijabi member of the Serbian parliament. Pramenković was elected to the parliament as the third on the list of the Party of Justice and Reconciliation. The party is led by Muamer Zukorlić, the former Mufti of Serbia. She works as a professor of Islamic sciences in the Gazi Isa-beg Madrasa. We will continue what our deputies started in the previous mandate, we are a party of continuity, but I will especially advocate for the rights of women, children, the status of the family and family values,” Pramenković told b92 about her targets as a new MP. For her, entering the field of politics was a chance to counter prejudices about Muslim women. “Often prejudices and stereotypes are caused by ignorance,” said Pramenković. According to 2011 census, there were 228,658 Muslims in Serbia (3.1% of total population.) The census was boycotted by some Bosniaks from the Sandžak region, since Muamer Zukorlic called upon his followers not to take part in the census. Thus, the actual number of Muslims in Serbia is likely to be at least about 50,000 higher. The largest concentration of Muslims in Serbia is in the municipalities of Novi Pazar, Tutin and Sjenica in the Sandžak region. Also in the municipalities of Preševo and Bujanovac in the Preševo Valley.
  19. According to a detailed report in the Australian media, a large number of young Aussie men and women have been leaving their own religion and converting to the most beautiful religion in the world, Islam. The videos are storming on the social media which pursued the attentions of Muslims around the world. The majority religion in Australia is Christianity but only 20% of the entire Christian community follows it. Interestingly, around 50% population is against the Muslims according to the survey due to the presence of large numbers of white extremist, racist and supremacist ideologies. Surprisingly, the very fact that people are reverting to Islam and most shockingly, the majority of them being youngsters, are enough as a solid answer to all the anti-Islamist ideologies. Most of the Aussies are not happy with the life they live. According to them, they are spending their lives drinking, gambling and clubbing. They are blindly following the western culture as they do all the activities of the western culture. Many of the Aussies admitted that they chose wrong path in their lives. Vices such as drinking, gambling and fornication has stronghold in the life of many Australians. What is the purpose of life and why they were created and hundreds of thousands of answer keep disturbing them but they fail to find any answers in the religion of Christianity. Thanks to the Muslim friends who advise them to read the Holy Quran. After reading the book, they started to get answer of all those question which were disturbing them. As they continue to read more and more their mind get clearer day by day. They started to realize that only Islam is the true religion, a religion with complete idea of how to live your life and whom to bow before and the right concept of God and why we all are created. There are more than six hundred thousand Muslim and it makes nearly 3% percent of the entire population. An increase of over 15% of its previous population share of 2.2% reported in the previous census 5 years earlier. Of that earlier 2.2% figure, “some estimate more than half are non-practicing. The total Muslim population makes in Islam, in all its denominations and sects, the second largest religious grouping in Australia, after all denominations and sects of Christianity. In Australia, Bosnian, Bangladeshi, Iraqi, Pakistani, Kurdish, Somali, Lebanese, Turkish Muslim communities are present. The majority of the Muslim population is leaving in the Cocos Islands. Before 1981 approximately 41,000 Muslims had settled in Australia, making up 2% of migrants.The proportion of Muslims immigrating to Australia is increasing steadily.
  20. A young Bosnian Muslim athlete has become the first Hijabi member in the national senior karate team, named the best student athlete in the country after winning the national championship for the eighth year in a row. “For me, this night is really important, especially because I got a prize as the most successful athlete student,” Amina Adilovic, 21, told Anadolu Agency. Adilovic is the only veiled girl in the senior karate national team of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). Speaking to Anadolu Agency, she said that she has been aspiring for the title, though she did not expect it. When I started I had a feeling that I’m not so talented for that, but I was persistent and I really trained hard as a little girl who wanted to be better,” Adilovic, who started training 13 years ago, said. “My efforts and hard work led me to be the national champion in BiH in the child’s competitions,” she said. “Ever since, I became BiH’s national champion.” Keeping her hijab in competitions was a tough challenge after the World Karate Federation (WKF) adopted rules in 2011 that ban hijab. The decision was withdrawn in late 2012 when the WKF approved the wearing of a special hijab model for all Muslim competitors. Adilovic confirms that hijab has never interfered in the fulfillment of any obligation. She added that her Islamic outfit has never posed any problems for her, either on social or practicing levels. “Honestly, I had no such bad situation. It is likely that there are some negative comments, but really did not reach me,” she said.
  21. Revelațiile revendicate de Mahomed au fost adunate într-o carte numită Coran (din verbul din limba araba qara’a, „a citi” sau „a recita”), nu mai târziu de un deceniu sau două după moartea sa. Compus din 114 capitole, Coranul nu este o povestire despre Mahomed. La fel ca Doctrină și legăminte, nu este deloc o narațiune; musulmanii îl consideră drept cuvântul (și cuvintele) lui Dumnezeu dat direct lui Mahomed. Creștinii care îl citesc vor găsi teme familiare. El vorbește, de exemplu, despre cum a creat Dumnezeu universul în șapte zile, plasarea lui Adam și a Evei în Grădina Edenului, ispitirea lor de către diavol, căderea lor și chemarea unei descendențe de profeți ulteriori (majoritatea dintre ei apar și în Biblie). Acești profeți sunt descriși în Coran ca fiind musulmani, care s-au supus voinței lui Dumnezeu. Se vorbește mult despre Avraam, descris ca prieten al lui Dumnezeu.(Printre altele, se crede că el a primit revelații pe care le-a scris, dar care au fost pierdute de atunci.) Moise, Faraon și exodul copiilor lui Israel sunt, de asemenea, menționați. În mod surprinzător, Maria, mama lui Isus, este menționată de 34 de ori în Coran, comparativ cu de 19 ori, cât este menționată în Noul Testament. (Ea este, de fapt, singura femeie menționată în Coran.) O învățătură menționată frecvent în Coran este doctrina tawhid (taw-HEED), un cuvânt care poate fi tradus ca „monoteism” sau, literalmente, „a face una”. Aceasta reprezintă unul dintre principiile fundamentale ale islamului: că există doar o ființă divină cu totul unică. „El nu naște, nici nu este născut”, declară Coranul, „și nu este nimeni ca el”. Ceea ce rezultă din aceasta este, cu siguranță, cea mai importantă diferență dintre islam și creștinism: musulmanii nu cred în divinitatea lui Isus Hristos sau a Duhului Sfânt. De asemenea, acest lucru indică faptul că, în timp ce toți oamenii sunt, în mod egal, creații ale lui Dumnezeu, conform doctrinei islamice, noi nu suntem copiii Săi. Cu toate acestea, musulmanii cred că Isus a fost un profet fără păcat al lui Dumnezeu, născut dintr-o fecioară și destinat să aibă un rol important în evenimentele din ultimele zile. El este menționat frecvent și cu pioșenie în Coran.
  22. Miryam Bella

    Umayyad Mosque

    The Umayyad Mosque (or Masjid), also known as the Grand Mosque of Damascus is one of the largest and oldest mosques in the world. It is the first monumental work of architecture in Islamic history. The spot where the mosque now stands was originally a temple dedicated to the idol Hadad in the Aramaean era about 3000 years ago. When the Romans ruled Damascus a temple was built for the worship of Jupiter. It then became a Christian church dedicated to John the Baptist in the Byzantine era towards the end of the fourth century. Following the Battle of Yarmouk in 636 CE, Damascus was conquered by the Muslims under the leadership of Khalid-bin-Waleed (رضي الله عنه). The Muslims shared the church building with the Christians for worship. The Muslims prayed in the eastern section of the structure and the Christians in the western side. Prayer hall of the Umayyad Mosque – Photo: A. Shamandour This collective use continued until the reign of the Umayyad caliph al-Walid I, when the prayer space became inadequate both in terms of capacity and the need for an architectural monument to represent the new religion. The caliph negotiated with Christian leaders to take over the space, and in return al-Walid promised that all the other churches around the city would be safe, with the addition of a new church dedicated to the Virgin granted to the Christians as compensation. The church was purchased from the Christians before being demolished and between 706 and 715 CE the current mosque was built in its place. Construction of the mosque was based on the mosque of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) in Madinah, which had many functions: it was a place for personal and collective prayer, religious education, political meetings, administration of justice, and relief of the ill and homeless. The caliph asked and obtained from the Emperor of the Byzantine Empire for 200 skilled workers to decorate the mosque, as evidenced by the partly Byzantine style of the building. The new mosque was the most impressive in the Islamic world at the time, and the interior walls were covered with fine mosaics. The building became one of the marvels of the world, because it was one of the largest of its time. The exterior walls were based on the walls of the temple of Jupiter and measure 100 by 157.5 m.
  23. Sakina Rizvi, 17-year-old Muslimah is the youngest graduate from Toronto University, Canada. She completed her graduation in the discipline of religion. She holds a degree in religion now. She entered into the University after completing two years of her high-school and utilized her next three years in completing her graduation. She got her degree in history of religion at just 17 years of age. She then began to pursue two master’s degrees. One degree from the Ontario Institute of studies in education for Curriculum studies and one in online-based from London On Islamic Studies. Sakina opened up about her education and what made her the youngest graduate of the varsity. She said that she went to a school which focused on the person’s abilities and capabilities in learning rather than age. She could Excel as her learning abilities were good. She says age doesn’t matter for her as long as she is able to do her work. In the beginning she was nervous about things but now she is focused and dedicated to her work. (...)
  24. At special service for historic reopened mosque, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan recites Surahs from the Quran Friday’s historic prayers in Turkey’s Hagia Sophia Mosque marked the first acts of worship there in 86 years. Thousands of people took part in the traditional Friday prayers both inside and outside the historic mosque in Istanbul, Turkey’s largest metropolis. Erdogan and other Turkish leaders had long advocated its restoration to a working mosque, open for worship. On July 10, a Turkish court annulled a 1934 Cabinet decree that turned Hagia Sophia into a museum, paving the way for its use as a mosque. In the new era for Hagia Sophia, Turkey’s Religious Affairs Directorate oversees religious services at the mosque, while the Culture and Tourism Ministry supervises restoration and conservation work. The architectural treasure is also open to domestic and foreign tourists free of charge.
  25. Miryam Bella

    Every Word for You

    Say to yourself: Every word in the Quran is meant for me. If the Quran is eternally valid, and if it is addressing you today, then you must take every message as something which is totally and urgently relevant to your life and concerns, whether it be a value or norm, a statement or piece of knowledge, a character or dialogue, a promise or a warning, a command or a prohibition. Such understanding will make your Quran reading alive, dynamic and meaningful. There may be some problems in translating messages intended for persons who look so different from you into messages relevant to your person and concerns, but with sincere and right effort it should be possible.

România in stăre de urgenţă

Starea de alertă permite autorităţilor să ia orice măsuri pentru prevenirea şi înlăturarea pericolelor pe care le presupune constatarea unei situaţii de urgenţă. Allah să ne binecuvânteze şi să ne protejeze ţara, România